We discuss the situation in Iraq with Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist Glenn Greenwald. In a recent article for The Intercept, "U.S. 'Humanitarian' Bombing of Iraq: A Redundant Presidential Ritual," Greenwald reviews news headlines related to U.S. military action in Iraq over the past two decades. He cites a 1991 New York Times headline, "U.S. and Allies Open Air War on Iraq; Bomb Baghdad and Kuwaiti Targets; 'No Choice' But Force, Bush Declares," and a CNN headline from 2003 titled "Blair Likens Saddam to Hitler." Then, closer to the present, he cites a Daily Beast story titled "ISIS 'Worse Than Al Qaeda,' Says Top State Department Official."
The Rise of ISIS: US Invasion of Iraq, Foreign Backing of Syrian Rebels Helped Fuel Jihadis' Advance
The United States is sending 130 more troops to Iraq amidst a bombing campaign against ISIS militants in the north and a political crisis gripping Baghdad. We are joined by veteran Middle East correspondent Patrick Cockburn, author of the new book, "The Jihadis Return: ISIS and the New Sunni Uprising." Cockburn addresses the power struggle in Baghdad, Hillary Clinton’s claim that President Obama’s "failure" to support Syrian rebels helped fuel ISIS’s advance, the role of oil in the current U.S. airstrikes, and his fears that Iraq is entering a "new, more explosive era far worse than anything we’ve seen over the last 10 years."
- U.S. Sends 130 More Troops to Iraq
- Report: U.S. Conditions New Weapons to Iraq on Maliki's Departure
- Gaza Ceasefire Enters Final Hours as Cairo Talks Continue
- 5 Killed in Gaza During Attempt to Dismantle Israeli Missile
- WHO: Gaza Hospitals, Health Facilities "In Dire Need"
- U.K. to Suspends Arms Exports to Israel if Gaza Assault Resumes
- Venezuela Sends Humanitarian Aid to Gaza
- Israel Apologizes for Labeling Brazil "Diplomatic Dwarf"
- Israel: U.N. War Crimes Probe a "Kangaroo Court"
- WHO Approves Untested Drugs for Ebola Outbreak
- Police Shooting Leaves Man Critically Wounded After New Ferguson Protests
- Ferguson Police Continues to Withhold Identity of Officer Who Killed Michael Brown
- Barneys to Pay $525,000 Settlement over Racial Profiling
- Judge Steps Down in Immigration Fraud Trial of Chicago Arab-American Activist
- HRW: Rabaa Massacre in Egypt "a Crime Against Humanity"
The Killing of Michael Brown: Missouri Police Shooting of Unarmed Black Teen Sparks Days of Protests
Protesters in St. Louis, Missouri, are demanding justice in a police shooting that killed an unarmed African-American teen. Eighteen-year-old Michael Brown was shot to death in the suburb of Ferguson on Saturday afternoon. Brown was reportedly walking in the middle of the street with his friend when a police officer drove up and ordered them onto the sidewalk. The St. Louis County Police is claiming Brown physically assaulted the officer and tried to reach for his weapon inside a police car. But witnesses have provided a sharply different account, saying Brown was shot with his arms up as he tried to flee the officer’s fire. Brown had recently graduated from high school and was due to begin college courses this week. Protests began immediately after the shooting, with tensions escalating on Sunday when demonstrators were met by riot police with dogs. We speak to Cornell William Brooks, president and CEO of the NAACP, who is in Ferguson meeting with the local community. We are also joined by Antonio French, a community advocate who has been live-tweeting and posting Vine videos of the protests.
As we continue our coverage of the crisis in Iraq, we turn to the plight of the Yazidi religious minority fleeing a jihadist advance in the north. Thousands of Yazidis remain trapped without food or water on Mount Sinjar near the Syrian border. They have taken refuge there under the threat of attack from the Islamic State, which has branded them as "devil worshipers." Iraq’s human rights minister, Mohammed al-Sudani, says the Islamic State has killed at least 500 Yazidis in recent days. Some victims were reportedly buried alive. Around 300 women were also reportedly kidnapped as slaves. In addition to its airstrikes targeting the Islamic State in northern Iraq, the United States has also carried out airdrops of relief aid onto Mount Sinjar. We go to the northern Iraqi city of Erbil to speak with Joe Stork, deputy director of the Middle East and North Africa program at Human Rights Watch. Stork has been meeting with Yazidis fleeing Islamist fighters in northern Iraq.
As a U.S. bombing campaign in northern Iraq enters its fifth day, Baghdad is in a state of political crisis. Eight years ago, Nouri al-Maliki rose to prime minister with the help of the United States. Now the United States has helped pick his replacement. But al-Maliki is refusing to go — deploying his forces around Baghdad and accusing critics of staging a coup. The political crisis is worsening as U.S. airstrikes continue on Islamic State militants in the north. President Obama authorized the strikes last week in what he called an effort to halt the militants’ advance on Erbil, where the U.S. has a consulate and military personnel, as well as to prevent a massacre of the Yazidi minority. U.S. officials have confirmed the CIA is also secretly sending arms and ammunition directly to Kurdish forces known as the Peshmerga. We are joined by Spencer Ackerman, national security editor at The Guardian.
- U.S. Bombing of Northern Iraq Enters 5th Day
- Iraq Faces Political Crisis as Maliki Refuses to Step Down
- Tens of Thousands Return to Devastation as Gaza Ceasefire Holds
- Turkish Activists Announce New Aid Flotilla to Gaza
- Turkish PM Erdogan Wins Presidential Election
- South Sudan: Warring Sides Miss Deadline; 50,000 Children Could Starve
- Ebola Deaths Top 1,000; Liberian Doctors to Get Experimental Drug
- NATO Chief: "High Probability" of Russian Intervention in Eastern Ukraine
- Amnesty: U.S. Military Failed to Punish War Crimes by Troops in Afghanistan
- HRW: Egypt's Rabaa Massacre was Premeditated
- Mexican President Signs Reform Opening Oil, Gas Sector to Multinationals
- U.S. Judge Extends Ohio Execution Ban; Louisiana Sought Execution Drug from Hospital
- Mass Protests Continue in Missouri over Police Killing of Michael Brown
- Actor, Comedian Robin Williams Dead of Apparent Suicide at 63
On Gaza, MIT Professor Noam Chomsky says the debate inside the Israeli government is whether to allow "bare survival" or to inflict "misery and starvation," as a former Israeli national security adviser recently proposed. "Israeli experts have calculated in detail exactly how many calories, literally, Gazans need to survive, and if you look at the sanctions that they impose, they’re grotesque," Chomsky says. "I mean, even John Kerry condemned them bitterly, they’re sadistic — just enough calories to survive." Chomsky also addresses the widespread focus on the Hamas charter platform calling for the destruction of Israel. "The only people who pay attention to it are Israeli propagandists, who love it," Chomsky says. "It was a charter put together by a small group of people under siege, under attack in 1988. And it’s essentially meaningless. There are charters that mean something, but they’re not talked about. So, for example, the electoral program of Israel’s governing party, Likud, states explicitly that there can never be a Palestinian state west of the Jordan River. … And they don’t only have it in their charter, their electoral program, but they implement it."
MIT Professor Noam Chomsky discusses U.S. support for Israel; the boycott, divestment and sanctions movement (BDS); and the blockade of Gaza. "In the Occupied Territories, what Israel is doing is much worse than apartheid," Chomsky says. "To call it apartheid is a gift to Israel, at least if by 'apartheid' you mean South African-style apartheid. … There’s a crucial difference. The South African Nationalists needed the black population. That was their workforce. The Israeli relationship to the Palestinians in the Occupied Territories is totally different. They just don’t want them. They want them out, or at least in prison."
As a new 72-hour ceasefire takes hold in Gaza, we turn to part two of our interview with world-renowned dissident and linguist, MIT Professor Noam Chomsky. Criticizing U.S. media coverage of the Israeli assault on Gaza, Chomsky says: "It’s a shameful moment for U.S. media when it insists on being subservient to the grotesque propaganda agencies of a violent, aggressive state." Chomsky also discusses his long-standing view that popular pressure at home is critical to ending the U.S. government’s backing for Israel’s occupation of the West Bank and Gaza. "The United States continues to provide the critical, decisive support for the atrocities," he says. "Sooner or later, it’s possible—and that’s really up to us—that domestic pressure will compel the U.S. government to join the world on this issue. That will be a decisive change."
- U.S. Launches Iraq Strikes as Obama Hints at Lengthy Bombing Campaign
- Kurdish Forces Retake Towns, Thousands of Yazidis Escape into Syria
- Obama: U.S. Intervening to Protect American Personnel
- U.S. Signals Discontent as Maliki Challenges President, Deploys Forces
- Hillary Clinton Criticizes Obama "Failure" on Syria
- Second 72-Hour Ceasefire Takes Effect After New Israeli Strikes on Gaza
- Palestinian Toll Nears 2,000, Including 456 Children
- Israeli Forces Kill Palestinian Boy, 11, in West Bank
- Tens of Thousands Rally Worldwide in Day of Action for Gaza
- Ukrainian Forces Step Up Attacks on Rebels in Donestk
- Egypt Denies Entry to Human Rights Watch Exec Director
- Protests Follow Fatal Police Shooting of Unarmed Black Teen in Missouri
Fighting in Gaza has resumed after the expiration of a 72-hour truce expired. Israel said it launched airstrikes after Palestinians fired at least 18 rockets into southern Israel after the ceasefire ended. Palestinian officials say a 10-year-old boy was killed earlier today when an Israeli airstrike hit near a mosque in Gaza City. Six other people were wounded in the attack. A Hamas military wing spokesman earlier called on Palestinian negotiators holding indirect talks with Israeli negotiators in Cairo to refuse any ceasefire extension unless its long-term demands were met. We speak with longtime peace activist Uri Avnery, who has pushed for Israel to engage with Hamas. Avnery is a historic figure within the Israeli peace movement. He was born in Germany in 1923. His family fled the Nazis and moved to what was then Palestine. As a youth, he joined the Irgun Zionist paramilitary group, which he later quit to become a leading peace activist in Israel. In 1950, he founded the news magazine, HaOlam HaZeh. Fifteen years later, he was elected to the Knesset on a peace platform. In 1982, he made headlines when he crossed the lines during the Siege of Beirut to meet Yasser Arafat, head of the then-banned Palestine Liberation Organization. In 1993, he started the Gush Shalom peace movement. He will turn 91 next month and still writes a weekly column.
The Pentagon has announced U.S. military aircraft carried out airstrikes in northern Iraq today targeting artillery used by the militant group Islamic State used against Kurdish forces defending the city of Erbil. The bombing came less than 12 hours after President Obama spoke on national television announcing he had authorized airstrikes in Iraq in an attempt to halt the sweeping advance by the Islamic State. Obama becomes the fourth U.S. president in a row to order military action in Iraq. The Islamic State has captured large swaths of northern Iraq and has advanced to a half-hour drive from the Kurdish regional capital, Erbil. Up to 40,000 people, many of them members of the Yazidi religious minority, remain trapped on the Sinjar Mountains near the border with Syria, surrounded by rebels and slowly dying of thirst. The United States has also begun dropping relief supplies. We speak to Phyllis Bennis, a fellow at the Institute for Policy Studies. She has written several books, including "Ending the Iraq War: A Primer." One of her recent articles is "Don’t Go Back to Iraq!: Five Steps the U.S. Can Take in Iraq Without Going Back to War."
- U.S. Launches Airstrikes Against Islamic State in Iraq
- Gaza Fighting Resumes After Truce Ends; 10-Year-Old Palestinian Killed
- Thousands Support Professor Who Lost Job After Tweets Critical of Israel
- WHO Declares Ebola Outbreak a Global Public Health Emergency
- Kerry Seeks Resolution to Disputed Afghan Election
- U.S., Iran Hold "Constructive" Talks on Nuclear Program
- Report: German Firm Helped Bahrain Spy on Pro-Democracy Activists
- Obama Signs Bill to Address VA Healthcare Crisis
- Renisha McBride's Shooter Convicted of 2nd-Degree Murder in Michigan
- Hawaii Faces Rare Double Storm Hit
- Canada: Metal-Laden Silt Floods Waterways After Mine Spill
- Argentina Seeks to Sue U.S. at The Hague over Debt Dispute
- Tennessee Incumbents Alexander, DesJarlais Defeat Challengers
- New York Times to End Avoidance of Word "Torture"
Hideous. Sadistic. Vicious. Murderous. That is how Noam Chomsky describes Israel’s 29-day offensive in Gaza that killed nearly 1,900 people and left almost 10,000 people injured. Chomsky has written extensively about the Israel/Palestine conflict for decades. After Israel’s Operation Cast Lead in 2008-2009, Chomsky co-authored the book "Gaza in Crisis: Reflections on Israel’s War Against the Palestinians" with Israeli scholar Ilan Pappé. His other books on the Israel/Palestine conflict include "Peace in the Middle East?: Reflections on Justice and Nationhood" and "The Fateful Triangle: The United States, Israel, and the Palestinians." Chomsky is a world-renowned political dissident, linguist and author, Institute Professor Emeritus at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he has taught for more than 50 years.
The 72-hour ceasefire in Gaza has entered its final day. Talks are ongoing to extend the truce, but no agreement has been reached. Palestinian and Israeli officials are in Egypt, however have not held face-to-face negotiations on securing a lasting ceasefire. Meanwhile, Gaza is in a state of devastation and ruin. Close to 1,900 Palestinians were killed during the 29-day conflict, including at least 1,354 civilians, of whom 415 are children. More than 10,000 people have been injured. There are 373,000 children who require psychological support. Some 500,000 Palestinians have been displaced with 187,000 still living in U.N. emergency shelters. An estimated 10,000 homes have been completely destroyed, and 30,000 homes partially destroyed. On the Israeli side, 64 soldiers were killed in Gaza, and three civilians in Israel. We go to Jerusalem to speak with Christopher Gunness, a spokesman for the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees.
- Ceasefire in Gaza Enters Final 24 Hours
- U.N. Chief: Gaza Toll Has "Shocked and Shamed the World"
- Obama: Gaza Blockade Cannot Continue Indefinitely
- Report: Israeli Forces Deliberately Targeted Medics in Gaza
- Iraqi Christians Face Crisis as IS Advances; 40,000 Yazidis Trapped on Mountain
- Ebola Toll Tops 930; Liberians Plead for Drug Given to U.S. Missionaries
- U.S. Drone Strike Kills at Least 5 in Pakistan
- Russia Imposes Sanctions on U.S., European Agricultural Goods
- Snowden Allowed to Remain in Russia for 3 More Years
- Cambodia: 2 Khmer Rouge Leaders Sentenced to Life in Prison
- Mexico: Congress OKs Reforms Opening Oil, Gas Sector to Foreign Firms
- Bank of America to Pay Record $17 Billion for Toxic Mortgages
- Missouri Executes 1st Prisoner Since Botched Killing in Arizona
- NYPD Arrests Wife of Man Who Filmed Fatal Arrest of Eric Garner
Sixty-nine years ago at 8:15 a.m., the United States dropped an atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima. Destruction from the bomb was massive: Shock waves, radiation and heat rays took the lives of some 140,000 people — nearly half of the town’s population. Three days later, the United States dropped a second atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Nagasaki, killing another 74,000. At Hiroshima’s Peace Memorial Park, we hear from blast survivor Koji Hosokawa, who was 17 years old at the time. His 13-year-old sister, Yoko, died in the bombing. Hosokawa spoke to us next to the A-Bomb Dome, one of the few structures in the city that survived the blast.
A U.S. general has been killed in Afghanistan in what the Pentagon says is the latest insider attack by an Afghan soldier. Major General Harold Greene reportedly died after the soldier opened fire at a British-run military academy near the capital, Kabul. Up to 14 coalition troops were wounded. Greene was the deputy commanding general for the command involved in preparing the withdrawal of U.S.-led coalition troops at the end of the year. He is the highest-ranking U.S. officer killed in combat since the Vietnam War. We speak to Matthieu Aikens, an award-winning investigative journalist based in Kabul, Afghanistan. Aikins recently investigated possible war crimes in Afghanistan for Al Jazeera America and has previously covered insider attacks. "This kind of attack shows just how the deep the problem runs," Aikins says. "Even at the highest levels, what should have been a highly secured group of senior officers, [insider attacks] can do damage. It will certainly restrict even more the already limited contact [U.S.-led NATO forces] have with the Afghans."
Click here to watch Part 2 of this interview.
With close to 1,900 dead from Israel’s month-long assault on Gaza, Human Rights Watch is calling on Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas to seek International Criminal Court jurisdiction over potential war crimes committed on and from Palestinian territory. HRW says both Israeli forces and Palestinian militants committed war crimes. We are joined by HRW Executive Director Kenneth Roth and John Dugard, former U.N. special rapporteur on human rights in the Palestinian territories and emeritus professor of international law at the University of Leiden in the Netherlands. "Given the fact that Gaza is an occupied territory, it means that Israel’s present assault is simply a way of enforcing the continuation of the occupation," says Dugard, "and the response of the Palestinian militants should be seen as the response of an occupied people that wishes to resist the occupation."